Base Note Oil's
Middle Note Oil's
Top Note Oil's
Carrier Oils
Safety and Info
Matrix Tables
Oil Blends
Safety and Info

50 Ways to use oils


Oil Blending Tips


What is Aromatherapy


General safety guidelines for Essential Oils:
Do not take any oils internally without consultation from a qualified medical practitioner. Keep all Essential Oils securely out of child's reach. Do not apply undiluted to the skin; recommended dilution: 1% - equaling 9 drops per 1 oz. of base. If you are pregnant, epileptic, have liver damage, cancer, or have any other medical problem, use oils only under the proper guidance of a qualified medical practitioner. Use extreme caution when using oils with children and give children only the gentlest oils at extremely low concentrations. It is safest to consult a qualified medical practitioner before using oils with children. A skin patch test should be conducted prior to using oil that you've never used before.

50 Ways To Use Essential Oils and Aromatherapy

for a cleaner, sweet-smelling life

Essential oils are very concentrated substances and are external use only. When applying directly to the skin, it is generally advised to use no more than 2% solution (see aromalands aromatherapy carrier oils for dillution), unless specifically directed by a doctor or professional Aromatherapist. Keep all essential oils out of the reach of children and pets.Store essential oils in a dark bottle and out of the sun, Check with a professional Aromatherapist, Doctor or reference manual when using essential oils during pregnancy

From Scented Thymes , Newsletter Published by Janell Squires and Jeanne Rose Aromatherapy

1. For Scent-Sational smelling towels, sheets, clothes, etc. place a few drops of your favorite essential oil onto a small piece of terry cloth and toss into the clothes dryer while drying. Add 5 drops essential oil to 1/4 cup fabric softener or water and place in the center cup of the wash.

2. Potpourri which has lost its scent can be revived by adding a few drops of essential oil.

3. Add a few drops of oil to water in a spray bottle and use as an air freshener.

4. Add a few drops essential oil to a pan of water and simmer on stove or in potpourri pot.

5. To enjoy a scented candle, place a drop or two of oil into the hot melted wax as the candle burns.

6. To dispel household cooking odors, add a few drops of Clove oil to a simmering pan.

7. For tired aching muscles or arthritis aches, mix 1 part Cajeput, Sage, and Basil oil to 4 parts Jojoba or other vegetable oil and use as a massage oil.

8. Ease headache pain by rubbing a drop of Rosemary/Lavender oil onto the back of your neck.

9. To blend your own massage oil, add 3-5 drops of your favorite essential oil to 1 oz. Jojoba or other skin-nourishing vegetable oil. Don't make too much

10. Add 10 drops of essential oil to a box of cornstarch or baking soda, mix very well, let set for a day or two and then sprinkle over the carpets in your home. Let set for an hour or more, then vacuum.

11. To make a natural flea collar, saturate a short piece of cord or soft rope with Pennyroyal or Tea Tree oil, roll up in a handkerchief and tie loosely around the animal's neck.

12. Smelly feet or shoes can be remedied by either dropping a few drops of Geranium essential oil directly into the shoes or by placing a cotton ball dabbed with a few drops of Lemon oil into the shoes. Athlete's foot? Tea tree is great!

13. Put a few drops of your favorite essential oil on a cotton ball and place it in your vacuum cleaner bag. Lemon and Pine are nice. Rose Geranium helps with doggy odor.

14. To fragrance your kitchen cabinets and drawers, place a food scent dabbed on a cotton ball in an Inc.onspicuous corner.

15. Are mice a problem? Place several drops of Peppermint oil on cotton balls and place them at problem locations.

16. The bathroom is easily scented by placing oil-scented cotton balls in Inc.onspicuous places or sprinkle oils directly onto silk or dried flower arrangements or wreaths.

17. Apply true Lavender oil and Tea tree oil directly to cuts, scrapes, or scratches. 1 or 2 drops will promote healing.

18. Homemade soaps are pleasant and offer therapeutic effects when scented with essential oils.

19. Home-made sachets are more fragrant when essential oils are blended with the flowers and herbs.

20. An essential oil dropped on a radiator, scent ring, or light bulb will not only fill the room with a wonderful fragrance, but also will set a mood such as calming or uplifting. Don't put essential oil in the socket.

21. A few drops of your favorite oil or blend in the rinse water of your handwashables makes for pleasant results.

22. Anise oil has been used by fishermen for years. Use a drop or two the finger tips and hands before baiting up. Anise covers up the human scent that scares the fish away.

23. Essential oils or blends make wonderful perfumes. Create your own personal essence! 25 drops to 1 oz of perfume alcohol. Let age two weeks before using.

24. To dispel mosquitoes and other picnic or Bar-B-Q pests, drop a few drops of Citronella oil in the melted wax of candle or place a few drops on the Bar-B-Q hot coals.

25. 1 drop of Lemon essential oil applied directly to a wart is an effective means of elimination. Apply the essential oil daily until the wart is gone.

26. Rosemary promotes alertness and stimulates memory. Inhale occasionally during long car trips and while reading or studying.

27. Selling your home? Fragrance sells! Fill the kitchen area with the aroma of spices such as Clove, Cinnamon, and Vanilla. Simmer a few drops of the essential oils of Cinnamon, Nutmeg, and other spices, Geranium oil sprinkled throughout the home creates a warm, cheerful, and inviting mood. Add Cinnamon oil to furniture polish and wipe down the wood.

28. Add essential oils to paper mache, the result is the creation of a lovely aromatic art piece.

29. Infuse bookmarks and stationary with essential oils. Place drops of oil on paper and put them in a plastic bag. and leave overnight to infuse the aroma. Send only good news in perfumed letters.

30. Neck pillows, padded and decorative hangers make more memorable gifts simply by putting a couple of drops of essential oil on them before giving.

31. Overindulge last night? Essential oils of Juniper, Cedarwood, Grapefruit, Lavender, Carrot, Fennel, Rosemary, and Lemon help soften the effects of a hangover. Make your own blend of these oils and use a total of 6-8 drops in a bath.

32. Essential oils of Vetivert, Cypress, Atlas Cedarwood, FrankInc.ense. and Myrrh all make wonderful firewood oils. Drop approximately 2-3 drops of oil or blend of your choice on a dried log and allow time for the oil to soak in before putting the log on the fire.

33. Flies and moths dislike Lavandin oil. Sprinkle it on the outside of your window frames.

34. Place 1 or 2 drops of sleep enhancing oils such as Chamomile, Lavender, Neroli, Marjoram, or Hops, on your pillow before retiring for restful sleep.

35. When moving into a new home, first use a water spray containing your favorite essential oils and change the odorous environment to your own. Do this for several days until it begins to feel like your space.

36. Ideal scents for the bedroom are Roman Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender, or Lemon.

37. 1 drop of Lemon essential oil on a soft cloth will polish copper with gentle buffing.

38. When washing out the fridge, freezer, or oven, add 1 drop of Lemon, Lime, Grapefruit, Bergamot, Mandarin, or Orange essential oil to the final rinse water.

39. For burns or scalds, drop Tea Tree oil directly onto the affected area.

40. Place 1 drop of Peppermint oil in 1/2 glass of water, sip slowly to aid digestion and relieve upset stomach.

41. Use 1 drop Chamomile oil on a washcloth wrapped ice cube to relieve teething pain in children.

42. 6-8 drops of Eucalyptus oil in the bath cools the body in summer and protects it in winter.

43. Add 1 drop Geranium oil to your facial moisturizer to bring out a radiant glow in your skin.

44. Place 1 or 2 drops of Rosemary on your hair brush before brushing to promote growth and thickness.

45. When the flu is going around add a few drops of Thyme to your diffusor or simmer in a pan on the stove.

46. To bring fever down, sponge the body with cool water to which 1 drop each of Eucalyptus, Peppermint, and Lavender oils have been added.

47. The blend of lavender and Grapefruit oil is good for the office. Lavender creates a calm tranquil atmosphere while Grapefruit stimulates the senses and clears up stale air.

48. A blend of Geranium, Lavender, and Bergamot alleviate anxiety and depression. Use ia a room diffusor or 6-8 drops of this blend in the bath.

49. A wonderful massage blend for babies is 1 drop Roman Chamomile, 1 drop Lavender, 1 drop Geranium diluted in 2 Tablespoons Sweet Almond oil.

50. 1 drop Peppermint oil diluted in 1 teaspoon vegetable oil rubbed on the back of the neck helps to relieve headaches

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Aromatherapy Essential Oil Blending Tips

An essential oil blend can be created for therapeutic effect, the beauty of a fragrance - or both. A synergistic effect is possible when the essential oils work together harmoniously. You do not need to be an expert in the use of essential oils to create blends. We've outlined below some basic information that may be useful to you as you journey into the creativity of blending ...

When creating a blend you will want to consider

       the purpose of the blend
       the desired therapeutic effect and / or
       the type of fragrance desired
       the concepts of a balanced blend

You will want to familiarize yourself with the fragrance and effect of essential oils

Breathe the aroma and

  • note how it makes you feel - calm, uplifted, focused, sensual, other
  • note the scent - is it light, fresh, strong, sweet, green, other

To test the aroma of the an individual essential oil you can

  • breathe directly from the bottle - swirl the essential oil in the bottle to stir up the molecules first or
  • place a drop on an unscented tissue, blotter paper or other porous type paper and breathe

You may experience olfactory overload if you are testing the aroma of different essential oils. You will no longer be able to smell them! This is common. You can restore your sense of smell by smelling coffee beans, or the simplest - your armpit. It's true - it works and it's always with you!

When blending for therapeutic effect

  • Determine essential oils that may be useful - see our therapeutic matrix for details
  • List essential oils in priority order when several effects are desired (this can be used to determine the number of drops of each essential oil you will use)
  • Test the fragrance as described above

Some pointers for creating a balanced blend

There is no limit on how many essential oils you can use in your blend. Many blends for therapeutic effect contain only 3 to 4 essential oils - yet Shalimar contains 13 and Aramis contains 14!

Essential oils blend harmoniously with essential oils in the same family. Here are some family classifications:

  • Labiatae: basil, clary sage, lavender, marjoram, peppermint, rosemary
  • Rutacea: bergamot, lemon, orange
  • Coniferae: cedarwood, juniper

Essential oils have different rates of volatility and evaporation and perfumiers have placed essential oils into these categories:

  • top note: fresh, light, fast evaporation - first scent you are aware of in a blend
  • middle note: evaporates slower - it is considered the body of the fragrance
  • base note: the fragrance is rich, emerges slowly and lingers

You can balance the fragrance of your blend by including top, middle and base notes. You may have experienced this layering effect in wearing a perfume or cologne - where the scent changed over time.

A table of essential oils that blend well together is provided for reference. In this table we've also listed the traditional note types. Whether an essential oil is top, middle or base can be subjective and is influenced by person, growing season, distilling method and   more.

You may want to use essential oils with a strong fragrance sparingly - such as peppermint or basil. Lavender may be useful for toning down strong scented oils. You can add just a drop or two of any essential oil to create an appealing fragrance in your blend.

Blended essential oils will merge over time and the fragrance may change. You can leave the blend for a day, then return and test the fragrance .. it may be perfect!

As you experiment with your blend creations keep a log of

  • the number of drops you use of each essential oil in the blend
  • the fragrance - both your initial experience and the fragrance after time has passed
  • the therapeutic effect

You may be surprised to find that you've created a masterpiece - and you will be able to duplicate it!

To blend with a carrier oil or not to blend with a carrier oil .. some thoughts

Determine how you want to use your blend. See our page on ways to use essential oils for ideas.

Anytime you want to apply the blend directly to your skin - you will want to add a carrier oil. Due to the high concentration of pure essential oils you only need a few drops and a few drops won't cover much territory when applying it to your skin    :-)

It is also helpful to add essential oils to a carrier oil for use in a bath. Essential oils are not water soluble and some essential oils can irritate the skin in an undiluted form.

Nebulizer type diffusers may clog with carrier oils. This is a case for not using carrier oil.

The amount of carrier oil you add to the essential oils will be determined by how you will use the blend. See our page on ways to use essential oils for some dilution ratios.

There are a variety of oils suitable for use as carrier oils. These listed below contain vitamins, minerals and protein and are good for all skin types.

       Sweet almond oil
       Grapeseed oil
       Hazelnut oil
       Safflower oil
       Sunflower oil

Useful supplies for creating a blend include

  • A clean glass bottle - essential oils are volatile and evaporate on contact with air - it is best to mix them in a closed container rather than a cup or bowl
  • A separate dropper for each essential oil - and one for the blend (most droppers can be taken apart for cleaning if you would like to re-use them later)
  • Carrier oil - if that is desired

Now that you've got some basic information - you are ready to create a blend

  • Add the desired number of drops of each essential oil to the bottle
  • Start with equal amounts and increase them 1 at a time if you are unsure about quantity
  • Shake the bottle to mix the oils and test the fragrance and effect
  • Carrier oil is added last - when you are ready to use your blend

Have fun .. and remember - there is no bad blend!

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This is some information on different types of oils. I have not put in essential oil information because that is the most widely used oil. This is to give some examples of other types of oils. These types are usually the way they have been made. This info is from

Absolute Oil

    Absolute is a process of using alcohol to extract oil from a plant, often a flower.

    The alcohol dissolves the oil and pulls it from the plant. Then the alcohol is allowed to evaporate before packaging, resulting in a compound with no alcohol aroma.

    Absolutes contain several components in addition to the plant's essence, but they are all natural and aromatic.

    Most absolutes are very thick. Some are solid at room temperature. Mimosa absolute, for example, has a melting point of 52.5(c), which is 126 degrees farenheit.

Benzoin Absolute Essential Oil

Scientific: Styrax benzoin (Sumatra)

Other names: Friars balsam

Uses : protects skin from chapping

Aromatherapy: warming, soothing

Perfume note : base (warming, a exotic vanilla-like aroma

Jasmine Absolute (Essential Oil)

Jasminum grandiflorum (Morocco)
Old perfume makers say a perfume is incomplete until it has a little jasmine.

Making this oil is very labor-intensive: many hand-picked flowers go into to making a small amount of Absolute.

Keep this and all essential oils out of reach of children. Always dilute an essential oil before letting it touch skin.

Rose Absolute (Oil)

Rosa centifolia (Morocco)
This is an "economical" alternative to the more expensive Rose Otto. This oil is long lasting but the most expensive perfumes use Otto instead of Absolute.

Imported from Morocco and Egypt. It is used in many expensive fragrances. In some cases, it is used for its fixative properties in addition to its fragrance.

After oils have been extracted from rose petals to make rose otto the remaining petals (called "concrete") are put into alcohol. The alcohol extracts the remaining oil. Absolute is made when the alcohol (and its aroma) is evaporated. What's left is a strong aroma -- although not as strong or lush as the more expensive rose otto.                   *** Do not use if you are pregnant.  

Black Currant Bud Absolute

Ribes Nigrum

By extraction of the buds of ribes nigrum L. with petroleum ether. The extract is a concrete which is extracted with alcohol to yield an absolute. The absolute is a viscous oil with a dark green color and a powerful spicy cymene woody odor.

Mimosa Absolute

Keep this and all essential oils out of reach of children. Always dilute an essential oil before letting it touch skin.

ODOR: persistent green floral

Specific gravity: 1.04 - 1.05
Refractive index: 1.513
Melting point:52.5 c

Perfume: fine floral type

Moss Absolute (Mousse de Arbre)

Oakmoss Absolute (Mousse de Chene)

Keep this and all essential oils out of reach of children. Always dilute an essential oil before letting it touch skin.



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What is Aromatherapy?

(information from

Aromatherapy is the use of pure essential and absolute oils. It is a branch of herbology and the study of "aromatherapy" may best be considered in these four areas of application:

    Aesthetic - the effects essential oils have on the beauty of skin and hair.

      Psycho - the effects aromas have on our moods and feeling; also known as aromachology.

      Holistic - the integration of the divine into the body, mind and spirit.

     Medical - the effects essential oils have in enhancing and maintaining a state of homeostasis.

The term "aromatherapy" was coined in the 1920's by a French perfumer named Rene Gattfosse. The word therapy in and of itself implies the need for treatment of an illness or disability. While it is true that all four of the above mentioned areas of application could and oftentimes do manifest themselves as acute or chronic conditions that require treatment which the essential oils can be effective in treating, we would also like to encourage the use of aromatherapy for everyday pleasure and well-being.

The use of aromatherapy can be seen as part of a lifestyle choice -- a lifestyle that allows for pleasure because a moment of pleasure is healing. Pleasure is described as a source of enjoyment. Why deny yourself the pleasure and the benefits of a feminine fragrance such as Rose from Morocco or Bulgaria? Rose which assists by soothing dry and inflamed skin, uplifts one from states of sadness and despair, encourages intimacy in sexuality and helps to calm premenstrual tension. Yes, rose oil can assist, although not always cure, but assist, with these conditions and others. By understanding how to apply aromatherapy in daily use you can enjoy the scents and help to maintain a system of preventative care for you and your family's long-term well being.

Essential oils nourish and stimulate your skin, enhance your immune system and delight the senses. It is simple -- the essential oils and products that contain essential oils can be used in your personal hygiene routine -- shampoos, body lotions, oils & sprays, perfumes, bath blends & salts, soaps, talcs, toothpaste, sport rubs & liniments. In the area of home and environmental fragrancing you can use essential oils in room mists & candles, clay & electric diffusers and air fresheners, as well as the simplicity of scenting a tissue and carrying it with you throughout the day.

We believe that through the use of aromatherapy we are encouraged to touch ourselves and to touch others in a loving and nurturing way.

About Essential Oils

Essential oils are complex, highly fragrant and volatile substances, with varying degrees of complexity, fragrance, and volatility. They are the most potent and concentrated extracts of various parts of flowers, fruits, leaves, spices, roots, and woods. The plant's essence molecules are approximately 75-100 times more concentrated as an essential oil than in the dried plant.

While in the plant, the essence molecules play a key role in the biochemistry of the plant -- they are located between the cells of the plant and these molecules act as regulators and messengers. By giving the plant its aromatic essence, they are also thought to give the plant its "life force". They also protect the plant from parasites and disease, and play an important role in fertilization and assist the plant's adaptation to its environment.

Once extracted, the chemical constituents of a particular essential oil will determine its primary action. Generally, essential oils consist of chemical compounds which have hydrogen, carbon and oxygen in their building blocks. The primary functional groups of the essential oils used in aromatherapy are:

    Monoterpenes: anti-viral, antiseptic, bactericidal, and can be highly irritating to the skin. Examples: lemon, pine, frankincense.

      Esters: fungicidal, sedating, and very aromatically pleasing. Examples: bergamot, clary sage, lavender.

      Aldehydes: sedating and antiseptic. Examples: melissa, lemongrass, cirtronella.

      Ketones: ease congestion, aid flow of mucus, can be toxic. Examples: fennel, hyssop, sage.

     Alcohols: very antiseptic, anti-viral with uplifting qualities. Examples: rosewood, geranium, rose.

      Phenols: bactericidal and strongly stimulating, can be highly irritating to the skin. Examples: clove, thyme, oregano.

      Oxides: expectorant and bactericidal. Examples: rosemary, tea tree.

 How An Essential Oil Differs from Other Oils:

Essential oils and fatty/vegetable oils are two completely different types of oils. Understanding that essential oils are volatile by nature (most essential oils tend to evaporate or change to vapor quickly when exposed to air) should help to dispel frequent confusion about the relationship between essential oils and fatty/vegetable oils such as almond or sesame oil.

It is both interesting and useful to note that essential oils are soluble in fatty/vegetable oils. Because of this, in aromatherapy, fatty/vegetable oils are called carrier oils. Since essential oils are often too potent to be used directly on the skin full strength, diluting an essential oil in a carrier oil is an excellent way to facilitate safe use of the essential oil. Carrier and essential oils also compliment one another's effects in a synergistic way; they are nourishing and easily absorbed by the skin. The relatively small, simple and lipid soluble molecular structure of essential oils allows them to pass easily through the skin.

When essential oils are applied to the skin in body massage -- usually diluted into a carrier oil -- they are completely absorbed and penetrate deeply into the tissues, interstitial fluid and bloodstream. They are carried by the bloodstream to specific organs and systems of the body where they have the ability to enhance the natural functions of these organs. Different oils have varying rates of absorption, between 20 and 120 minutes.

In skin care, where essential oils are also applied to the skin, they have the ability to regulate the activity of capillaries and restore vitality to the tissues. In Marguerite Maury's Guide to Aromatherapy, she states "essential oils are natural rejuvenating agents which facilitate the elimination of waste matter and dead cells and promote the regeneration of new and healthy cells."

Care of Essential Oils:

    If properly cared for, essential oils can have a shelf life up to seven years.

    Direct sunlight and exposure to air are most damaging to essential oils. Keep your oils out of the sun and make sure the caps are tightly secured.

     Try to keep your oils in a cool dry place. They are sensitive to extreme temperature changes.

Olfactory Response

Essential oils, as implied by the term "aromatherapy", have a powerful effect through our sense of smell. Simply by inhalation, essential oils illicit an immediate olfactory response and they are readily absorbed into the bloodstream. They also purify the air and create a pleasing environment.

Smell (olfaction) is the least understood of our five senses and yet is perhaps the most powerful. The olfactory membrane is the only place in the human body where the central nervous system is exposed and in direct contact with the environment. When an olfactory receptor cell is stimulated, an impulse travels along the olfactory nerve to the limbic portion of the brain (sometimes referred to as the reptilian or old brain) where memory, hunger, sexual response or emotion is evoked. Before consciously knowing we are in contact with an aroma, our subconscious mind has already received and reacted to it.

A quote by Helen Keller beautifully sums up our sense of smell, "Smell is a potent wizard which transports us across time and all the years we have lived."

Extraction Methods

The term "essential oil" is used somewhat loosely as it is often applied to all aromatic products such as essence oils, absolutes, resinoids, and concretes. To obtain essential oils the aromatic essence molecules of the plant must be captured by using a technical distillation or extraction method. In earlier times, the art of distillation was held in the hands of the few and was considered to be an alchemical transformation of spirit, a bridge between the two realms. Today, through the process of distillation essential oils are thought to hold the "life force" of the plant from which they were extracted.

The most common method of distillation is direct steam distillation and the majority of essential oils used in aromatherapy are distilled this way, the end product is an essential oil. Cold expression is a method of extraction used for the citrus oils. The peel of the fruit is shredded and then mechanically pressed, the end product is an essence oil. Solvent extraction is used for plant materials, typically delicate floral petals which are too delicate and cannot withstand other methods of extraction, the end products are absolutes, concretes and resenoids. This process also produces some of the more rare and costly scents.


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